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Code of Ethics

KETHEA, as a member of the World Federation of Therapeutic Communities, applies its code of ethics, which covers both staff and members of the therapeutic programmes. Its object is to inform them accurately regarding their rights and obligations evolving from their respective positions.

The code is provided to all substance users and their families participating in KETHEA programmes, as well as to personnel of said programmes.

It has been published in Greek, Russian, Albanian, German and English.

KETHEA also has a permanent ethics committee within the organisation charged with, among other things, the presentation of an annual report and the elaboration of regulations regarding ethics for each individual KETHEA activity (research, professional education, etc.).
Code of Ethics (WFTC)


1. The therapeutic communities make up a model for treatment aimed first and foremost at recovery from drug addiction through personal development of the individual whom requires him to abstain from mood-altering substances (including drugs prescribed by physicians but which are used illegally).

2. The members of the World Federation of Therapeutic Communities are called upon to:

(a) Recognise that all individuals involved in their therapeutic community have human and civil rights, and to clearly declare the rights, the benefits, and the responsibilities of all members and staff.

(b) Recognise the right of every individual in the therapeutic community to enjoy protection from the improper use of authority on the part of any individual or group.

(c) State the philosophy and the goals of the programme.

(d) Establish rules for their therapeutic community which will provide protection in the event of the apparent or actual abolition of relevant local or national laws.

(e) Operate in an environment which will provide the greatest possibility for physical, spiritual, emotional and aesthetic development and which will guarantee the safety of all.

(f) Facilitate the formation of a society/community, which will be based to the greatest possible extent on the integrity, good will, and compassion of all its members, within which human dignity will be the primary element.

(g) Provide training and proper supervision to personnel.

(h) Answer to an external Board of Directors that will meet at regular established intervals within the year, in order to supervise and be responsible for the activities of each unit's programmes.

(i) Present, following audit, a yearly financial report that will be approved by the Board of Directors.

3. The Board of Directors of the World Federation of Therapeutic Communities will demand compliance with the Standards and Goals each time it examines an application for issuance or renewal of membership. They will also demand active compliance with the criteria established by the World Federation in its Articles of Incorporation, article III, entitled "Determination", and article VI entitled "Membership" (with special reference to paragraphs A1, A2, B1, B2 and C3).


All members of the therapeutic programmes have the absolute right to the following:

1. A supportive environment, free of addictive substances.

2. Therapy regardless of sex, race, nationality, colour, creed, political beliefs, sexual preference, civil state, religion, origin, identity, age, military or veteran status, mental or physical disability, state of health, criminal record or welfare status.

3. Dignity, respect, health and safety at all times.

4. Awareness of the philosophy and methods of the programme.

5. Exact information regarding current rules of the programme, as well as penalties, disciplinary measures and possible modifications of these rights.

6. Access to established procedure by which complaints regarding the application of all rules, penalties, disciplinary measures and modifications of rights are recorded.

7. Determination of all applicable fees, the method and schedule for payment* as well as availability of money and personal belongings for the duration of the programme, and upon leaving.

8. Confidential nature of information regarding participation in the programme and all members' files, according to the laws of the country.

9. Access to private files on the basis of guidelines approved by the competent authority, and the right to append remarks which refute or clarify the information contained in said files.

10. The right to leave the programme at any moment, without physical or mental harassment.

11. Personal communication with relatives and friends for their information both at the time of their admission into the community and thereafter, in accordance with the programme's regulations, unless this is not permitted for reasons established by the therapy plan.

12. Protection from actual physical punishment or threat of same, from physical, emotional and sexual battering, and from forceful physical restraint.

13. Provision of nutritious food, safe and proper housing, the opportunity for physical activity, and items needed for personal hygiene.

14. Medical care by professionals, and the right to refuse same.

15. The possibility of receiving legal advice and representation before the law when necessary.

16. Regular contact by every member of the programme who is a parent with his/her child or children.

17. When executing duties as members of the work force, members have the right to a clear definition of their responsibilities, to adequate training, adequate support and supervision by the staff (including evaluation and feedback), without exploitation and with the right to refuse the position, without being subject to accusation for this reason.

18. When members leave the programme for whatever reason, they have the right to guidance and help regarding other health services, sources of financial aid and shelter.

19. Protection from exploitation (this concerns also the parents and family of the member) for the benefit of the entity or the staff employed therein.


The primary obligation of all members of the staff is to ensure the quality of the services provided to the members under treatment. The relationship between the staff and the members is a special one and it is imperative that the staff possess the necessary maturity and ability to enable them to cope with the responsibilities they have undertaken.

All staff members must be aware that the profession to which they belong requires them to take care with their own activities and those of the members (under treatment). The code of ethics for staff members is in effect at all times, both at work and outside.


The members of the staff must:

1. Be mature and positive models of behaviour.

2. Maintain strict confidentiality regarding information concerning the members, respecting all relevant laws and the regulations of the agency to which they belong.

3. Provide the members with a copy of the Members' Bill of Rights and ensure that everything contained therein is understood and applied by both the staff and the members themselves.

4. Respect all members and maintain a professional relationship with them, which is neither possessive nor punitive.

5. Provide services regardless of race, creed, religion, sex, nationality, sexual preferences, age, physical disability, political beliefs, criminal record or financial state of the members, respecting the member's position under special conditions.

6. Recognise that the referral of the member to another agency or professional may be to the member's benefit.

7. Forbid sexual contact of any type between the staff and the members (or the latter's family members).

8. Adequately compensate the member for any task he/she performs on account of any staff member. *

9. Prevent the exploitation of any member for personal gain.

* The KETHEA recovery programme does not allow the assignment of work not having to do with the operation of the therapeutic communities.

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